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Low back pain or lumbar pain syndrome

Diseases painful conditions of the spine

Before we get into the issues related to low back pain, we will recall the anatomy of the spine for easier understanding.

The spine is built of vertebrae and intervertebral discs. It consists of 33-34 vertebrae: 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 cruciate and 4 to 5 dorsal. In the thoracic region, ribs are accepted on each side of the vertebrae. Below the lumbar spine is the so-called. cruciate ligament that is wedge-shaped implanted between the pelvic bones and transfers body weight to the legs.

The sacral vertebrae fuse and form the sacrum as well as the coccygeal vertebrae which form the coccyx by fusion. The spine forms the axis of the human torso and is remarkably flexible "while healthy." Each movement of the spine is actually the sum of the individual minor movements between two adjacent vertebrae, and are made possible by the structures located in that interspace. The intervertebral disc consists of two parts, the outer connective-cartilage ring and the inner central part, the nucleus.

The core is made up of a yellowish gelatinous mass that contains a lot of fluid. It is round, elastic and acts as a "ball bearing" that allows movement between adjacent vertebrae, and also serves as a shock absorber that relieves all loads on the spine. Around it is a connective ring that is very strong because its threads intersect and grow into the bone of the trunks of adjacent vertebrae, thus preventing the nucleus from slipping out of place during sudden movements or loads.

Taken as a whole, the disc is very elastic, so it allows movements between the vertebrae and acts to relieve pressure. The size and thickness of the discs vary in different parts of the spine. In the lower, lumbar region, the discs are larger and thicker than in other parts. As we get older, discs contain less water, become flatter, lower, less elastic and less resilient, which is one of the reasons why older people get shorter with age and are more likely to suffer from back pain and cervical spine syndrome.

The disc is further strengthened by the surrounding ligaments and connective tissue. Behind the trunks of the vertebrae is the spinal canal where the spinal cord is located, protected by a solid sheath. From the spinal cord come the motor nerves that transmit sensation from the skin, muscles, and other tissues to the brain.

By applying the advice and instructions received from the medical staff , the patient can help himself, and thus his family and society, the most in preventing back pain. It should be known that medications and various recommendations cannot solve the problem on their own, but the main and most interested member of the preventive-rehabilitation team should be the person with the pain syndrome.

Unfortunately, I have to say that most people follow the line of easier resistance and expect from their doctor or therapist a "magic pill" or "magic therapy" that will solve the problem for them, and they will continue to behave and work as before. Often in the initial stages of the syndrome they work successfully - tablets, massage, physical therapy - but they only calm the symptom of pain and usually do not act on the causes of back pain (I will write about them later) which remain hidden and "hidden", waiting to attack again. larger and wider scope. That is why it is important to instruct a person in procedures that will help prevent and rehabilitate painful spinal syndromes in order to be able to prevent the development of new attacks of the syndrome.

Medical procedures in preventive and therapeutic terms affect the length and quality of life. Early detection of the disease has an extremely beneficial effect on the possibility of early cure without consequences in the length and quality of life. By taking preventive measures, the development of the disease is prevented. When medical knowledge is not used in its entirety and when opportunities do not exist for it, the disease can adversely affect health.

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Our vision is happy people with no problems in the spine and locomotor system.
That is why we strive to become one of the leading centers for non-operative spinal decompression therapy (DTK) and scoliosis treatment in the world.